With the renunciation of Stalin's mass terror in the Soviet Union, the regime had to find new ways of popular control and mobilization: it could no longer count on fear. Khrushchev reinvested in the revolutionary tradition of 1917. Seeking to return Leninist ideas, he attacked bureaucracy and talked about the need for Party democracy. He wanted mass participation in policy campaigns to reawaken the enthusiasm of the Revolution's early years.
Among these initiatives were street patrols, which employed millions of volunteers, house and work committees with legal powers to combat 'idlers and social parasites', and public courts with citizen jurors.